The Canaan Dog is an ancient breed resembling the wild dog type which
has survived in Israel through at least 4,000 years of history. Canaan
Dogs are pariah dogs which live on the fringes of civilization and are
frequently used by the Bedouin as flock and camp guardians. In 1934, Dr.
Rudolf and Prof. Rudolphina Menzel immigrated to Israel, then known as
Palestine. They undertook the study of pariah dogs and the Canaan Dog
in particular, becoming the driving force behind its preservation. Prof.
Menzel bred and trained Canaan Dogs, primarily for military work. In 1965,
Prof. Menzel exported four Canaan Dogs to the United States where they
became the foundation stock for American and Canadian Canaan Dogs. The
Canaan Dog was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1992.
The Canaan Dog is a medium-sized, well-balanced, strong and square dog,
with a wedge-shaped head; erect, low-set ears; and straight, harsh, dense
coat of short-to-medium length. The correct relationship of height to
length of body is 1:1. The tail is bushy, set on high, and is carried
curled over the back when the dog is alert or excited. This breed is presented
in a completely natural condition with no trimming. Moderation and balance
must always be considered when evaluating this breed.
The essential characteristics of the Canaan Dog are those which have enabled
them to survive for centuries in the desert. The Canaan Dog gives the
impression of elegance, but is sufficiently substantial to stand up to
jackals, hyenas, and wolves. They are intelligent and adaptable to wide
extremes of lifestyle and climate. This breed matures slowly both physically
and mentally and individual dogs may not reach their prime until as late
as four years of age.
medium sized, well balanced, strong and square dog resembling the wild
dog type. Strong distinction between the sexes.
The Canaan Dog is a herding and flock guardian dog native to the Middle
East. He is aloof with strangers, inquisitive, loyal and loving with his
family. His medium-size, square body is without extremes, showing a clear,
sharp outline. The Canaan Dog moves with athletic agility and grace in
a quick, brisk, ground-covering trot. He has a wedge-shaped head with
low-set erect ears, a bushy tail that curls over the back when excited,
and a straight, harsh, flat-lying double coat.
|This is a wild
Canaan Dog photographed by Yigal Pardo. Photo used with his permission.
well-camouflaged wild Canaan Dog